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Archive for November, 2010

Today I went to New Malden in south London to fulfill my piece to camare, it was soooooo freezing there.

I began to stutter because of the freezing tongue. We did the one-minute-long piece to camera for about thousands of times at last I just loathed myself. Just look at the video below to see how I’ve made all kinds of mistakes that you can ever imagine.

Video

Reaction of Korean immigrants in London.

The conflict in the Korean peninsula has been watched very closely by a number of people in this country. I am now at the Korea Town in New Malden, London, which is home to the largest Korean community in any European country.

About 15000 Korean people are living here. Many have close ties in both North and South Korea. News about the tension has spread quickly in this tight-knit community, many get the information not only from the media, but also phone calls from home.

There has been criticism here that the South Korean government has not responded strongly enough to the artillery attack from the North.

Meanwhile, the biggest concern here is that the conflict could cost more lives. On the other hand, the Korean community groups have urged both sides to take quick, diplomatic measures to tackle the dispute back to Korea.

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In China, the sports newspapers are tightly controled by the party, because in the past, the newspapers are considered as “the tongue and throat of the Party”, which acted as tool of ideological battles.

The U-turning Point

However, in the 1980s, with the economic reform, the situation had changed significantly. The then leader Deng Xiaoping called for wider and deeper marketization, under his order, the Ministry of Propaganda announced new guidelines, giving more power and freedom to newspapers.

On the other hand, after the marketization reform, the government couldn’t provide subsidy to newspapers any more. so newspapers have to support themselve.

Knowing that the average reader is tired of hard news that going on and on about Party congress, production rates, and ideological education, these newspapers began to report gossips of movie stars, sports and lifestyle features.

Adopted two strategies

As did other type of print media, sports newspaper in China are faced with severe challenge from counterparts from the Internet and  TV broadcast. So most of the sports newspaper have adopted two strategies to tackle the problem. One is tofocus on the depth of the report, the other is to make sports report more entertaining

Description

Below is a detailed powerpoint depicting the landscape of China’s sports newspaper.

Sports Newspaper in China

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Women in Journalism

a women journalist in China

A survey shows that in the media industry, women are less likely to be promoted. They are discriminated against for promotion, half felt was because of their sex.

Rare access to promotion.

29.2 percent responded that having children affected promotion. Sexual harassment, age discrimination, and whether they were under- or overqualified, were listed as other factors hindering women’s promotion.

Less Opportunity
Women receive fewer opportunities to cover hard news than their male counterparts.
Women journalists are often assigned art and culture or fashion beats, and not other topics, because their organization’s concern that they won’t be able to work night shifts.
Women leadership
Women are entering the traditionally male professions, large numbers have occupied senior positions like management, and they are running successful business as owners. But the media, for example in the UK, Women are nearly invisible in controlling position and ownership

But few sections of the national papers give impression of the change. Journalism lag behind in reporting women’s lives.

Teresa Stratford says National press are like old boys’s club, they are owned by rich, white middle-aged men, and their editorship usually by the same type of men, so it is inevitable that they reflect changes in society in a stereotypical perspective of men.
A bad loop
Even there are women success, such as Wendy Henry( ex-editor of the People) and Eve Pollad (Editor of the Mail on Sunday), they did nothing to change the situation. In order to succeed, they have to play the rules set by men. The rules were not changed to facilitate the progress of other female journalists after them.

What can journalists do?

Journalists claim to be reflecting the attitudes of society rather than shaping them. Journalism has a part to play in stimulating change and leading debate.

The National Union of Journalists (NUJ) produced guidelines to help journalists avoid sexist stereotype.
A little difference in vocabulary can give a totally different impression. Adoption of the NUJ guidelines is strongly recommended to journalists.

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This is an exercise to the BBC newshour.

A new opinion poll shows that the Afghan people feel less confident about future than they did last year.

Attacks on foreign forces in their land are considered justified by more people, more are supportive to negotiative settlement with the Taliban. Overall it suggests that President Karzai remains popular and the Taliban remains unpopular.

Security and Economy concerns

In the cold light of dawn, hundreds of Afghan day labors gathered at a a market in Karbul.

A man was wrapped up by a blanket, squating by the side of the road. He was linking the two issues of most concern to Afghan. Security has overtaken the economy as the main concern.

That is perhaps not surprising. It has been a year of military action by NATO.A majority being questioned still backs international intervention. But a growing minority support the attack on Nato, 27% now that triples the 8% who supported the action a year ago.

Corruption

These figures touched off a debate among a crowd of man waiting at the bus station nearby.

A majority of Afghan support the government, but people have widespread and personal experience towards corruption. That’s one of the things driving recruits into the arms of the Taliban.

I swear by the Koran, that even we cannot win 100% Afghanis. Billions of dollars have been spent in Afghanistan.The foreign cash goes into the pockets of the one with a big belly.

Uncertain Future

Opinions vary greatly according to region and ethnic groups. People are found most insecure and pessimistic in the south. Many Afgans want to know who will be in charge of their village or valley, they will support the winner, whether the Taliban or the Nato.

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Ireland

“Stop arresting me! Stop arresting me!” the emotional stress for the week boiled over for one man, who stood in front of the minister’s car entering into the government building before being arrested.

A week after the Irish Republic dismissed the need of bailout, the Irish Finance Minister Brian Lenihan finally admitted that international bailout is inevitable: “there will be a meeting in the government this afternoon, I will propose to my colleagues to formally apply for a program.”

Inevitable request for economic help

Irelands’ main banks have been frozen out of international market, and witnessed a capital fly in recent months.

BBC reports that the total value of the bailout will be less than 100 billion euro. 85 billion pounds. The fund will be spent on covering the 90 billion shortfall for day-to-day government spending, and hopefully to avoid the country from plunging into economic chaos and stabilize the fragile economy.

Public fury

The Irish government’s handling of the economic crisis has sparked fury among many Irish public.

Shawn Ross, An Irish independent editor and a senate from the Irish Parliament said:” this is utmost humiliation for Ireland, but now it is very urgent to seek a bailout from the IMF. Public anger is apparent.

Once the Celtic Tiger

Until two years ago, Irelands was the greatest economic success in Europe. Over two decades, it grew at the drastic economic rate as Asian fast-growing economies until its GDP per head overtook that of the UK. But much of  the growth came largely from borrowing by the Ireland banks from the international market.

These potential property bubble posed by the unstable borrowing  finally exploded due to overlending to developers and house owners.

The UK contribution

According to BBC, the UK has offered a direct loan to the Irish Republic in addition to contributing to an international rescue, George Osborne has said.

“I think it is highly likely that there will be a British contribution.I want Britain to do the bilateral commitment to Ireland. Because Ireland is our close neighbor and it is in Britain’s national interest to help.”

When asked if the rescue would be about £7bn, he said “it’s around that.”

A potential plight for the EU

The EU finance ministers are said to have a unscheduled meeting, hoping the Irish Bailout could ease the pressure on the other deeply indebted members in the Euro zone.

In May in the Greek crisis, the IMF and Eu put together a budget totals 750 billion euro, at that time the funds seems can tackle the biggest threat with ease. Now to rescue the two smallest members of the Eurozone Greece and Ireland the fund need to be 200 billion.  But now this rescue move is not guaranteed. We can see the remote and severe threat to bail Portugal, Spain and Italy out as well.  There are concerns that to save all the three countries will be beyond the capability of the EU.

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Extract from novels                                                                                                                    In Hemingway’s novel, the sun also rises, a Jewish youth called Korne, who’s sensitive and emotional, sat in the café and told Jack Barnes : “ Day after day, but I’ve never lived.” In Leo Tolstoy’s the death of Ivan Ilyich, the hero Ilyich lived a wealthy but boring life, before he died, he wondered: “maybe I never lived in the way I should have.” You can not call these remarks pessimistic; they all reflect the status when people contemplate their own lives.

The death of Ivan Ilyich Chinese Version

As for the life of Ivan Ilyich, the author Tolstoy commented “it is the most plain, most simple, but most terrible lifestyle.” This is a typical religious opinion. By contrast, the American writer Phillip Ross said the life of people with vested interests, is “the most plain, most simple, but most excellent by the American standard.” His real meaning is the Ilyich-style life, which is wealthy and successful, is desirable to the ordinary Americans. Only idiot will pursue the soul happiness other than money.

Don’t confess  you love life.                                                                                                Cultural self-censorship might be the most powerful thing in the world. It seems that in modern society in China, there is a regulation that you cannot say you love life. If someone is seen delighted all day, he will be reckoned to be stupid.

Therefore in China you can see people all around whining they are so smart as to they are unhappy. I am pondering that “unhappy” serves just as a perjury, their emphasis lies in “smart”.

Are you playing cool or a real freak?                                                                                           

Then what contribute to the “too smart to be happy” thing, or that someone is so characteristic as to cannot love life? As far as I am concerned, the reason is nothing but A. playing cool. B. he/she is a real freak.

Back in primary school, when writing compositions, I always find some classmates’ compositions are far “profound” than mine. I always wrote: Time flies, spring comes, mother bird should feed her babies.” But they will ask the teacher seriously: “What kind of life should I live?” Ironically they are always the ones that the teacher praised in class. Totally nonsense to me, can I decide what kind of life I should live? Isn’t it that family backgrounds, the social status of one’s parents that determine which kind of life people live?

Life can be happy, so long as you don’t impose some hypocritical meanings, or make fun of some serious issues like death, and don’t stress on superficial thing like“ What kind of life should I live”, life can be simple, quiet and worth trying.

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The Nobel Peace Prize Ceromony will be held at Oslo next month, but by now five countries have turned down the invitation. These are Russia, Kazakhstan, Morocco, Iraq and China (of course).

Power play
Although the spokeman for Russia government stressed that the decision is not made under political pressure from Beijing, speculation that China has waged a diplomatic campain to defer other countries from attending the ceremony.

China accused the Nobel Comittee of ‘disrespect of China’s judicial system’, While the Norwegian Nobel jury responded by threatening to withhoud the prize and diploma in protest of China’s boycott. When interviewed by BBC worldservice,Geir Lundestad, the Nobel Commitee’s secretary, said if the committee fails to present the prize and diploma, it would be the first time for 70 years since it refusal when the Nazis pohibited a German pacifist journalist Carl von Ossietzky from attending and receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 1936.

Blackout in Chinese media
As far as i know, back in China, reports of the Nobel Peace recipient Liu Xiaobo have been totally blackouted. Ordinary people don’t know either that his wife Liu Xia is under house arrest after the award was rewarded, or that Dozens of his friend have been under strict government’s surveillance.

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