For six decades, China has been a close ally to Pyongyang. It is North Korea’s leading trade partner, and main source of food, fuel and clothing. Since the shelling of artillery from North Korea to the island in disputed are, international pressure has been mounting to urge Beijing to step out. But in spite of the close ties, the influence of Beijing on North Korea is limited.
C hina’s influence is just so much.
I’m not n that China will exert as much effect on Pyongyang as other countries would. As far as I can see, The North Korea has always been pursuing an independent foreign policy since the first leader Kim Il-sung came to office. The regime stressed that the North Korea is a sovereign country thanks to the older Kim, so independence acts as the foundation and justification of the Kim’s family rule.
As the West countries always put it, the international community has been waiting for China to act as a global player with shared responsibilities. But in the Korean Peninsula, China has interest at heart. If the Kim’s regime should collapse, millions of refuges will pour into China, and subsequently it is unacceptable that both Koreas were unified backed by the US, and a new country would emerge at the doorstep of China. So far, Beijing just want to maintain regional stability to ensure ecnomic growth.
China’s response will take credit regardless of the consequences.
A Chinese high-level official visited South and met with the president and Foreign Minister. The Chinese wants to restart the so-called six-party talks, Beijing hopes that this mechanism framework will ease the tension in the East Asia. The proposal for talk buys space for China, But it does fall short of the decisive move that the US and South Korea hopes. The pressure on China will decrease for China has been engaged in the international initiative. Now China is faced with an option, to exercise pressure on North Korea secretly, or to be openly critic to Pyongyang.